In 1983, the Board of Health adopted regulations to protect drinking water safety and improve construction standards. This inspection and enforcement program was established under the Ohio Private Water System Rules.
What is a Private Water System?
A Private Water System means any water system, other than a Public Water System regulated by the Ohio EPA, used for the provision of water for human consumption. “Human consumption” means the ingestion or absorption of water or water vapor as the result of drinking, cooking, dishwashing, hand washing, bathing, showering, oral hygiene, or other domestic uses such as flushing toilets and doing laundry.A Private Water System may use as a water source, a well, a spring, a cistern, a pond or a hauled water tank. The regulations specify the design and construction of both the water source and any pumping or treatment systems needed to deliver safe water.
- Permits – The department regulates the construction of water systems through a permit and inspection program. The Water Rules state “No person shall construct, alter or seal a private water system, test well or part thereof, unless a valid permit for the system has been issued by the board of health pursuant to this rule.”
- Water Testing – Water Sample Request/ Realty Request Form – The department provides bacterial testing of a new or altered water system and testing for daycare facilities, realty inspections and foster care.
- Consultations – The department provides free consultations to residents concerned about their water supply.
- Record Requests – The department maintains records on many existing systems.
To ask a questions, apply for a permit, request a test or record, contact the environmental health division at 419-784-3818.
Water Plan Forms
- Application/Permit for a Private Water System
- Additional plans for ponds cisterns and springs
- Additional plans for wells serving buildings and multiple homes
- Additional plans for excavating a pond
- Minimum Isolation Distances for Private Water Systems
- Registered Water Haulers
Registration Requirement – Private Water System Contractors are registered through the Ohio Department of Health. Only registered contractors may construct, alter, or seal private water systems, drill water wells, and install pitless adapters.
- Find a Private Water System Contractor
- Property Owner Registration – Property owners who wish to do their own work may apply for registration by completing the Property Owner Application for Registration
- Water System Requirements
Private Water System Contractor Forms
- Well-Pump-Distribution Form
- Cistern-Hauled Water Tank Form
- Pond Water Supply Form
- Spring Water Supply Form
- Continuous Disinfection and Filtration Systems
Financial Options for Constructing and Maintaining a Well Water System